Mormon Trail AssociationMormon Trail Association 1863 Emigration

1863 Emigration

Outfit Station Departure Captain Souls Wagons Arrival in SLC
Florence June 6 John F. Sanders @270 55 Sept. 5
Florence June 29 John R. Murdock 275 55 Aug. 29
Florence June 30 * Alvus H. Patterson 210 62 Sept. 4
Florence July 6 * John R. Young 200 44 Sept. 12
Florence July 9 Wm. B. Preston 300 67 Sept. 10
Florence July 25 Peter Nebeker 500 68 Sept. 25
Florence Aug. 6 Daniel D. McArthur 500 58 Oct. 3
Florence Aug. 6 Horton D. Haight 200 42 Oct. 4
Florence Aug. 9 John W. Woolley 200 46 Oct. 4
Florence Aug. 10 Thomas E. Ricks 400 59 Oct. 4
Florence Aug. 11 Rosel Hyde 300 49 Oct. 13
Florence Aug. 14 Samuel White 300 48 Oct. 15
Davenport, IA July Hans P. Lund 15 2  
* Independent companies (meaning families included had their own wagons and animals). These included out-and-back teamsters and wagons sent to haul specific equipment, machinery, and supplies needed by the Church, for example, roofing material for the new tabernacle.
      Two freight trains (Sam Hoyt, Jakeman & Shirtliff). McArthur's company passed Sam Hoyt before Ash Hollow and was with the Jakeman & Shirtliff train at Muddy Creek and Ft. Bridger.
      Returning from a mission, Hans PeterLund went by rail to Chicago and Davenport, where he obtained wagons and supplies. Here he joined with others (14 male Scandinavian names given) to travel to Council Bluffs. Their names do not show up on any other company rosters leaving Florence, nor on ship immigration records for 1863.
    3670 655  

All 12 companies were Church sponsored and followed the MPNHT going out and coming back, except to and from Echo Canyon. Two companies were primarily freight trains, but allowed immigrants with their own wagons and animals to join with. Two other freight companies were private ventures. Specific names along the Golden Pass variant can be found in accounts of only 4 of the 12 companies, but some captains followed the Golden Pass variant the previous year or travelled in tandem with others, who for sure followed that route. Out and back teamsters from Utah Valley and South used Provo Canyon to get to Echo Canyon.

Upon arriving in New York, immigrants had to be inspected and pass through Castle Garden, which was described by one female immigrant as being a dirty place. There was a dead cat and dog in the middle of the street and filth and dirt everywhere.\

From here, they travelled by rail near the Hudson River to Albany. They changed cars in Albany and travelled on to Niagra, into Canada, to Detroit, Chicago, Quincey, cross the River to Hannibal, to Palmyra, and on to St. Joseph. Passenger cars had all been preempted or burned so immigrants travelled in cattle cars most, if not all the way, some with benches (no backboards) and others with only straw or nothing on the floor. In Missouri Confederate soldiers tried to derail the train by putting big logs on the tracks. They were locked in cattle cars until arriving at St. Joseph Here they travelled up the Missouri River to Florence. The journey from New York to Omaha took about two weeks.

Hans Peter Lund (age 42), led a group of returning missionaries and immigrants (657 persons) on the ship, "Kimball." Arriving in New York, June 15, he stayed in a hotel for $1 a day. After making necessary preparations, he travelled by train to New York, Dunkirk, Buffalo, Cleveland, Chicago and arrived in Davenport where he obtained wagons and supplies. An account of his expenditures for supplies is included. Here he joined with others to travel to Council Bluffs. Those mentioned are: H.P. Olsen, H. Nielsen, H.P. Lund, N.C. Poulsen, Knud Svendsen, Ole Knudsen, N. Edler, A.P. Omand, L. Gjorensen, A. Andersen, C.A. Madsen, N. Nielsen, P. Johansen, and Graekersen. After reaching Council Bluffs, he decided to journey on to Omaha. Here he became engaged to Karen Marie Petersen.

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